培訓工具

耶穌卻回答說:「經上記著說:『人活著,不是單靠食物,乃是靠神口裡所出的一切話。』」
— 馬太福音 4:4

耶穌說:「叫人活著的乃是靈,肉體是無益的。我對你們所說的話就是靈,就是生命。」
— 約翰福音 6:63

神的道是活潑的,是有功效的,比一切兩刃的劍更快,甚至魂與靈,骨節與骨髓,都能刺入、剖開,連心中的思念和主意都能辨明。
— 希伯來書 4:12

作為耶穌的跟隨者,我們應該要每天讀聖經。「S.O.A.P.S. 香皂讀經法」是個很好的讀經指引,每週讀至少 25-30 章的聖經,並且每天寫讀經日記,能幫助我們更加瞭解、有能力遵守並分享神的命令。

S.O.A.P.S. 香皂讀經法:
閱讀聖經 SCRIPTURE: 閱讀時把特別讓你感到有意義的經節抄一兩節下來。
觀察思考 OBSERVATION: 再用你自己的話重新寫下這些經節的意思或重點,會幫助自己更瞭解經文。
生活應用 APPLICATION: 思考一下在你的生活裡遵守這些命令是什麼意思?
禱告祈求 PRAYER: 把禱告寫下來告訴神當天從祂的話語裡學到什麼,以及你打算要怎麼遵守你所學到的事?
分享心得 SHARING: 想想你可以跟誰分享你所學到的事或該怎樣應用?

也要堅守我們所承認的指望,不至搖動,因為那應許我們的是信實的。又要彼此相顧,激發愛心,勉勵行善。你們不可停止聚會,好像那些停止慣了的人,倒要彼此勸勉,既知道那日子臨近,就更當如此。
— 希伯來書 10:23-25

「守望互勉小組」是由兩到三位同性別的成員組成的,男女分開。小組每週聚會一次,用問題討論的方式,彼此幫補找出哪些方面做得好,哪些方面需要調整。如果他們無法面對面聚會,也可使用電話或視訊來進行。每位「守望互勉小組」的組員都要切記,小組裡所有的分享,一定要保密,不可外傳。

C.H.A.T. 守望互勉小組:
檢查進度 CHECK YOUR PROGRESS: 我們透過互相分享掙扎彼此守望互相勉勵。開始時逐一討論「守望互勉問題」(45-60 分鐘)。
聆聽話語 HEAR THE WORD: 我們透過閱讀上下文並和其他人一起閱讀聖經幫助你在屬靈上逐漸成長。討論主透過每週經文給你留下的印象。你的小組應該每週閱讀 25-30 章。有許多人發現大聲朗讀是非常有幫助的。如果有人在指定的一個星期內沒有完成應讀的,整個小組在下個星期繼續完成相同的功課。
實踐行動 ACT ON IT: 每天我們透過去愛人實踐應用聖經的真理。活出主在閱讀經文時給你留下的印象,實踐應用於你的生活中,並將真理分享給其他人(5-10 分鐘)。
告訴他人 TELL OTHERS: 我們為那些需要神的人禱告,並在有機會時與他們接觸。結束時禱告:互相為彼此禱告。部分時間應該為整個星期小組一直禱告的對象禱告(如:未得救的朋友、家人和相識的人)(5-10 分鐘)。我們透過禱告和順服來承認神。在你禱告的時候,不要忘記讚美和感謝主祂的屬性,祂透過你在你的小組和你的身上所作的。要記住,你對主的順服(「實踐行動」)本身就是一種敬拜!(5 分鐘)。

• 禱告求神使我們學習像耶穌。
• 你最近好不好?你的禱告生活過得如何?
• 你有什麼方面需要向神認罪的嗎?(如:人際來往、男女關係、用錢花費、驕傲自恃、做人處事、順服權柄等)
• 上次神提醒你的事是否遵行了?請具體分享。
• 本週你是否為你「百人名單」上未信主的親友禱告?是否曾有機會跟他們分享?請具體分享。
• 過去的這星期內,新學的聖經經節背了嗎?請背出來。
• 過去的這星期裡,你至少讀聖經 25 章嗎?
• 從這些聖經章節裡,神對你說了什麼?
• 你對這些閱讀心得,確實做出什麼回應?
• 你在過去這星期內,是否參加了三分三組聚會?情況如何?
• 過去的這星期當中,你是否給人做過示範或輔助別人開始一個新的三分三組?請分享過程。
• 問組員,他們在你身上是否看到任何阻擾跟隨基督的行事表現?
• 在過去的這星期內,你是否有機會分享福音?請分享過程。
• 練習用 1-3 分鐘簡述福音重點。
• 下個星期你可以邀請誰來參加小組聚會?如果小組有四個或超過四個人,就擴充為第二個小組。
• 結束時一起為上面所分享的事項禱告。

• 談談上個星期的讀經心得,如何影響了你的思考及生活方式?
• 你跟人分享過這些心得嗎?對方有什麼反應?
• 你看到神的作為了嗎?
• 在過去的這個星期,你的言行舉止是否為耶穌基督的大能做出好見證?
• 你是否翻閱過任何色情刊物(含網路),或者放任你的思緒沉浸於不當的性思想上?
• 你在金錢的使用上,有沒有認定神才是那位擁有者?
• 你是否貪戀任何東西?
• 你是否在言語上破壞了別人的名譽,或者傷到別人?
• 你是否有言語不實,行為浮誇的表現?
• 你是否放任生活作息(如:懶惰、沒節制)?
• 你是否在一些事上成癮(如:成為衣服、朋友、工作或錢財的奴隸)?
• 你是否無法原諒別人?
• 你在擔心什麼,或者對什麼感到焦慮?
• 你是否經常埋怨或發牢騷?
• 你是否常有感恩的心?
• 你是否在家人朋友之間的人際關係中,敬重、理解、並且善待他人?
• 你正在面對什麼思想、言語或者行為上的誘惑嗎?怎麼對應?
• 你是否把握機會服事或祝福他人?特別是主內的弟兄姊妹?
• 你是否看到神在你禱告上的回應?
• 你是否讀完上個星期應讀的經文?
• 結束時一起為上面所分享的事項禱告。

耶穌說:「所以,你們禱告要這樣說:『我們在天上的父:願人都尊祢的名為聖。願祢的國降臨;願祢的旨意行在地上,如同行在天上。我們日用的飲食,今日賜給我們。免我們的債,如同我們免了人的債。不叫我們遇見試探;救我們脫離兇惡。因為國度、權柄、榮耀,全是祢的,直到永遠。阿們!』」
— 馬太福音 6:9-13

禱告輪是一個簡單的工具去操練禱告。您可以自己拿來使用,也可以與其他門徒一起使用。這個禱告輪以十二個簡單的步驟 — 每個單位為五分鐘 — 透過聖經教導的十二種方式去幫助您如何禱告。當結束時,您便會禱告了一個小時。

讚美: 讚美神去開始您的禱告。讚美神現在在您腦海中浮現的事情。讚美神過去一週在您生命中所做的一件特別事情。讚美神對您家人的慈愛。
等候: 花一些時間等候神。保持靜默並讓神幫助您進行自我省察。
認罪: 求聖靈告訴您那些在您生命中可能神所不喜悅的事情。求神指出您錯誤的態度,以及您尚未認罪的具體行為。現在向神認罪使您可以得赦免。
讀經: 花一些時間閱讀詩篇,先知書和新約中禱告的經文。
懇求: 為自己向神懇求。
代求: 為他人向神代求。
禱讀: 用所讀的經文來禱告。許多禱文或詩篇都很適合用於這個方法。
感恩: 為您生命中的事情感恩,為您的家人感恩和為您的教會感恩。
敬拜: 唱一首讚美/敬拜的詩歌或唱另一首聖詩/靈歌去敬拜神。
默想: 默想並求神對您說話。準備筆和紙去寫下神給您的說話。
聆聽: 花一些時間將您所讀的,您所禱告的和您所唱的聯繫在一起思想並聆聽看神如何互相連貫地對您說話。
讚美: 讚美神您與祂共度的時間和祂給您的說話。稱讚神榮美的屬性。

信主前
[兩分鐘]

  • 您的生命在相信耶穌之前是如何的。

經歷主
[兩分鐘]

  • 您如何遇見耶穌或您為何選擇跟隨耶穌。

信主後
[兩分鐘]

  • 您的生命在相信耶穌之後有何改變。

耶穌上船的時候,那從前被鬼附著的人懇求和耶穌同在。耶穌不許,卻對他說:「你回家去,到你的親屬那裡,將主為你所做的是何等大的事,是怎樣憐憫你,都告訴他們。」那人就走了,在低加波利傳揚耶穌為他做了何等大的事,眾人就都希奇。
— 馬可福音 5:18-20

耶穌對他們說:「你們就是這些事的見證。」
— 路加福音 24:48

作為耶穌的跟隨者,我們是「見證」耶穌改變我們生命的「見證人」。「我的故事」— 您與神之間的故事就是您的見證。每一個人都會有一個故事。分享您的見證是一個練習的機會。您的見證具不一定要很長或分享很多細節才能觸動人。事實上,將您的故事保持在六分鐘左右可以剩下時間去發問問題和作更深入的對話。如果您擔心從何開始 — 保持簡單。神是可以用您的故事去改變人,但請切記 — 您就是要講出來的人。

耶穌對他們說:「但聖靈降臨在你們身上,你們就必得著能力,並要在耶路撒冷、猶太全地,和撒瑪利亞,直到地極,作我的見證。」
— 使徒行傳 1:8

耶穌非常相信祂的跟隨者並祂信任他們宣講祂的故事。然後祂就差派他們到世界各地去傳。現在此刻,祂正差派我們出去。沒有一個所謂最好的方式來傳「神的故事」— 福音,因為最好的方式將視乎於您與誰分享。每個門徒都應該學會以一種忠於神話語的方式去傳神的故事並去觸動分享的對象。

弟兄們,我如今把先前所傳給你們的福音告訴你們知道;這福音你們也領受了,又靠著站立得住,並且你們若不是徒然相信,能以持守我所傳給你們的,就必因這福音得救。我當日所領受又傳給你們的:第一,就是基督照聖經所說,為我們的罪死了,而且埋葬了;又照聖經所說,第三天復活了,並且顯給磯法看,然後顯給十二使徒看;後來一時顯給五百多弟兄看,其中一大半到如今還在,卻也有已經睡了的。以後顯給雅各看,再顯給眾使徒看,末了也顯給我看;我如同未到產期而生的人一般。
— 歌林多前書 15:1-8

三圈 佈道法:

神的設計: 在我們周遭都我們可以看到美麗的設計,設計的目的和設計的證據。聖經告訴我們起初神創造的世界原本就是完美的 — 世上一切和每個人都和睦相處。神創造每一個人都有一個目的 — 就是要敬拜祂並與祂同行。

神看著一切所造的都甚好。有晚上,有早晨,是第六日。
— 創世記 1:31
諸天述說神的榮耀;穹蒼傳揚他的手段。
— 詩篇 19:1

: 當我們無視神和在我們生命中神原本的設計時,就不能活出真正的生命。我們的自我中心堅持用自己的方式去生活。聖經稱之為罪。我們都犯了罪並歪曲了神原本的設計。我們犯罪的後果就是與神分隔 — 在今生和永恆中。

因為世人都犯了罪,虧缺了神的榮耀
— 羅馬書 3:23
因為罪的工價乃是死
— 羅馬書 6:23a

破碎: 罪會導致一切都破碎。我們從我們周遭中和我們自己的生命中也可以看到。當我們意識到不能活出生命的意義時,我們就開始四處尋找出路。我們都會走向許多的方向,嘗試不同的事物,用自己方法去解決問題。破碎會導致人去意識到需要更大的東西。

他們將神的真實變為虛謊,去敬拜事奉受造之物,不敬奉那造物的主
— 羅馬書 1:25a
有一條路,人以為正,至終成為死亡之路。
— 箴言 14:12

福音: 這一刻我們需要一個挽救的方法 — 有個好消息。因為神的愛,神並沒有把我們留在我們的破碎之中。耶穌,神道成肉身,在我們中間並按照神的設計去活出真正的生命。耶穌來是為了拯救我們 — 為我們成就了我們不能為自己成就的事。祂在十字架上擔當了我們的罪和羞辱,代替我們付了罪的工價而死。不但如此,耶穌從死裡復活 — 為我們預備了拯救並與神和好的唯一道路。

神愛世人,甚至將他的獨生子賜給他們
— 約翰福音 3:16a
又塗抹了在律例上所寫攻擊我們,有礙於我們的字據,把他撤去,釘在十字架上。
— 歌羅西書 2:14

悔改 & 相信: 只是聽到這個好消息是不足夠的。我們必須承認我們是破碎有罪的並且不再信靠自己。我們沒有能力可以自己逃離這破碎。我們需要被拯救。我們必須要求神赦免我們 — 從罪轉向神並且只有信靠耶穌。這就是悔改和相信的意思。相信 — 我們透過耶穌接受新的生命並神將我們的生命轉向新的方向。

「你們當悔改,信福音!」
— 馬可福音 1:15b
你們得救是本乎恩,也因著信;這並不是出於自己,乃是神所賜的;也不是出於行為,免得有人自誇。
— 以弗所書 2:8-9
你若口裡認耶穌為主,心裡信神叫他從死裡復活,就必得救。
— 羅馬書 10:9

和好 & 追求: 當神恢復與我們和好的關係時,我們開始會發現在這個破碎世界中的意義和目的。現在就可以在我們生命中的所有層面上竭力追求神的設計。即使我們跌倒,我們也明白神拯救的道路 — 這就是同一個耶穌的好消息。神的靈使我們能夠追求祂的設計並應許我們在今生和永生中祂常與我們同在。

因為你們立志行事都是神在你們心裡運行,為要成就他的美意。
— 腓立比書 2:13
我們原是他的工作,在基督耶穌裡造成的,為要叫我們行善,就是神所預備叫我們行的。
— 以弗所書 2:10

我應該做什麼: 既然您已經聽到這個好消息,神希望您回應祂。您現在就可以憑信心禱告接受基督。禱告是與神對話。將您的心與神的心直接傾談。現在就可以作出以下的禱告讓基督赦免您得並且按照祂的應許進入您的生命之中。

主耶穌,我需要祢。我的生命是破碎的並且我承認這是因為我的罪。我相信基督來到世界,受死埋葬,死裡復活,從罪中拯救我。請赦免我所犯的一切罪。我從自我中心的生活方式轉向信靠祢。我知道耶穌是萬有之主並且我會跟隨祢。奉耶穌的名禱告。阿門。

你若口裡認耶穌為主,心裡信神叫他從死裡復活,就必得救。
— 羅馬書 10:9
因為凡求告主名的,就必得救。
— 羅馬書 10:13

下一步是什麼: 當我們開始新的旅程時,聖經告訴我們如何追求神。祂已經有一個健康關係的設計。
讀經 — 聖經是所神默示的話讓您知道如何追求祂。
禱告 — 神希望您與祂對話傾談您的一切重要事物。
教會 — 教會是神的家去幫助您學習天天與祂同行。
分享 — 既然您已經歷過這個好消息,分享給他人。

但記這些事要叫你們信耶穌是基督,是神的兒子,並且叫你們信了他,就可以因他的名得生命。
— 約翰福音 20:31
「你們要先求他的國和他的義,這些東西都要加給你們了。」
— 馬太福音 6:33
你們既然接受了主基督耶穌,就當遵他而行
— 歌羅西書 2:6

三圈: 生命對話指南
福音橋: 分享您的信仰

耶穌順著加利利的海邊走,看見西門和西門的兄弟安得烈在海裡撒網;他們本是打魚的。耶穌對他們說:來跟從我,我要叫你們得人如得魚一樣。他們就立刻捨了網,跟從了他。耶穌稍往前走,又見西庇太的兒子雅各和雅各的兄弟約翰在船上補網。耶穌隨即招呼他們,他們就把父親西庇太和雇工人留在船上,跟從耶穌去了。
— 馬可福音 1:16-20

百人名單是一個簡單的工具去幫助您對您的人際關係盡您的責任。

神已經給了我們各人的人際網絡 “去使人作門徒”。這些人是我們的家人,朋友,鄰居,同事和同學 — 我們相識多年或剛剛認識的人。好好管理神已經安排在我們生命中的人是建立門徒的第一步。而從簡單的一步開始就是編寫名單。

百人名單

例. 名字 ☐ 信徒 ☐ 非信徒 ☑ 不清楚
 
1. ☐ 信徒 ☐ 非信徒 ☐ 不清楚
2. ☐ 信徒 ☐ 非信徒 ☐ 不清楚
3. ☐ 信徒 ☐ 非信徒 ☐ 不清楚
4. ☐ 信徒 ☐ 非信徒 ☐ 不清楚
5. ☐ 信徒 ☐ 非信徒 ☐ 不清楚

編寫名單 — 寫下需要聽到福音的一百個人(家人,朋友,鄰居,同事和同學)的名字。每週為五個人禱告並邀請他們於尋求神的過程中踏出下一步。百人名單上的人應該是那些您懂得如何聯絡的人,並且是那些您仍然與他們保持聯繫或長期聯繫的人。

面對非信徒或不清楚背景的人,可以分享「我的故事」/「神的故事」或 邀請他們參加一個守望小組或 三分三組。如果您發現他們已經是基督徒或他們剛成為基督徒,可以挑戰他們開始一個三分三組並提出願意栽培他們。

面對信徒,可以挑戰他們開始一個三分三組並提出願意栽培他們。同時亦鼓勵他們開始一個守望小組。讓他們也填寫百人名單並跟進名單上的人。

勸你,第一要為萬人懇求、禱告、代求、祝謝;為君王和一切在位的,也該如此,使我們可以敬虔、端正、平安無事的度日。這是好的,在神我們救主面前可蒙悅納。他願意萬人得救,明白真道。
— 提摩太前書 2:1-4

步行禱告是一種簡單的方式去遵守神命令要為人禱告。這就會像聽起來一樣 — 一路步行一路向神禱告。我們睜開雙眼看看我們周遭的需要並以謙卑俯伏的心求神介入,而不是閉上眼睛低頭禱告。您可以兩三個人一組禱告,您也可以自己步行禱告。如果您是一組的去,嘗試讓每個人都開口大聲地禱告 — 與神對話關於每個人所看到的以及在心中神感動的需要。如果您是自己去,當獨處時嘗試心中默默地禱告,當您為路上遇到的人而禱告時嘗試開口大聲地禱告。

步行禱告時,知道為什麼而禱告的方式:
觀察: 您看到了什麼?
查考: 您知道了什麼?
啟示: 聖靈可能會在您心中作出感動或在腦海中啟示異象。
經文: 聖靈可能會在腦海中讓您記起某些經文。

步行禱告時,可以尋找的禱告地方:
政府: 法院大樓,委員會大樓或執法機關。
商業: 金融區或購物區。
教育: 學校,行政大樓,職業培訓中心,社區學院或大學。
通訊: 廣播電台,電視台,傳播媒介或報紙出版商。
屬靈: 教堂,清真寺或寺廟。

步行禱告時,為遇到的人而禱告的方式 — B.L.E.S.S. 祝福禱告:
身體 BODY: 健康 — 保守,力量,醫治
事業 LABOR: 工作 — 財務,保障,指引
情感 EMOTIONAL: 情緒 — 喜樂,和平,安慰
人際 SOCIAL: 關係 — 忍耐,恩慈,愛心
屬靈 SPIRITUAL: 救恩 — 信心,盼望,恩典

步行禱告時,可以集中的禱告主題:
• 有關基督: 宣告耶穌是神和人中間的一位中保並且是所有人的救贖。宣稱耶穌為這社區和您所看見的生命之主。
• 有關領導者: 為一切在位的人而禱告 — 為教師,警察,行政人員和家長而禱告。
• 有關和平: 為神子民的敬虔和聖潔而哭求,以致有實質和平的增加。為建立新教會而禱告。
• 有關真理: 公開宣告神只有一位是鐵一般的事實。為人的心眼不再被撒但所蒙蔽而禱告,以致他們能夠明白真理。
• 有關福音: 為神的心願意萬人得救而讚美祂。求天國將今年指定為一個 “合適的時間” 重新賜給簡單的力量去見證基督。為特定的人而提名禱告。
• 有關神的祝福: 為所有人代禱而獻上感恩。為神所當得的因祂的良善賜給您經過的每個家而獻上感恩。求神帶來持久的屬靈醒覺。
• 有關教會: 求在人際關係中得到醫治,並在神的子民中間沒有憤怒或分歧。求神使祂的子民不論男女都以生命閃亮和聖潔生活作為敬拜。求我們的敬拜以聖徒在社區中行善的力量作為裝飾。

回望
[三分之一的時段]

  • 關懷
    • 高:您有什麼感恩可以分享?
    • 低:您有什麼掙扎可以分享?
  • 問責
    分享您實踐行動的經歷:
    遵守 • 教導 • 分享
  • 使命
    大誡命:太 22:37-40
    大使命:太 28:18-20 • 徒 1:8
問責

仰望
[三分之一的時段]

  • 禱告
    與神簡要地禱告並求神教導您。
  • 讀經
    閱讀這段經文並用您自己的話敍述。
  • 討論
    • 這段經文如何對您說話?
    • 這段經文如何難以明白?
    • 這段經文如何教導關於「人」?
    • 這段經文如何教導關於「神」?
知識

前望
[三分之一的時段]

  • 行動
    • 遵守:您會如何遵守這段經文?
    • 教導:您會與誰教導這段經文?
    • 分享:您會與誰分享
    「我的故事」或「神的故事」?
  • 練習
    練習您所定立的行動。
  • 禱告
    為每個人互相禱告。
服從

簡單的流程 • 聖經是教材 • 聖靈是教師 • 服從是首要 • 倍增的果效

一個簡約的聚會模式 — 三分三組 — 將聚會時間分為三個時段,讓我們可以實踐遵守耶穌所吩咐的命令。

聖經都是神所默示的,於教訓督責使人歸正教導人學義都是有益的,叫屬神的人得以完全,預備行各樣的善事。
— 提摩太後書 3:16-17

希望系列 — 適合慕道者的組别。
1. 犯罪者的希望 — 路加福音 18:9-14
2. 窮乏者的希望 — 路加福音 12:13-34
3. 離家者的希望 — 路加福音 15:11-32
4. 迷失者的希望 — 路加福音 19:1-10
5. 哀慟者的希望 — 約翰福音 11:1-44
6. 尋求者的希望 — 約翰福音 3:1-21

約翰福音中的神蹟 — 適合慕道者的組别。
1. 變水為酒 — 約翰福音 2:1-12
2. 大臣之子 — 約翰福音 4:46-54
3. 癱子行走 — 約翰福音 5:1-17
4. 五餅二魚 — 約翰福音 6:1-14
5. 海面上走 — 約翰福音 6:15-25
6. 瞎子看見 — 約翰福音 9:1-41
7. 死人復活 — 約翰福音 11:1-46

起步系列 — 適合已經是基督徒但沒有參加過這類聚會的人。
1. 我的故事 — 馬可福音 5:1-20
2. 神的故事 — 歌林多前書 15:1-8, 羅馬書 3:23, 6:23
3. 跟從得魚 — 馬可福音 1:16-20
4. 信而受洗 — 羅馬書 6:3-4, 使徒行傳 8:26-40
5. 聖經話語 — 提摩太後書 3:14-16
6. 與神對話 — 馬太福音 6:9-13
7. 艱難時刻 — 使徒行傳 5:17-42, 馬太福音 5:43-44
8. 成為教會 — 使徒行傳 2:42-47, 歌林多前書 11:23-34

探索系列 — 適合需要聖經背景和熟悉聖經的組别。

探索上帝 — 上帝是誰並祂是怎樣的。
1. 神創造世界 — 創世記 1
2. 神創造人類 — 創世記 2
3. 人違背命令 — 創世記 3
4. 挪亞和洪水 — 創世記 6:5-8:14
5. 神與挪亞立約 — 創世記 8:15-9:17
6. 神對亞伯拉罕說話 — 創世記 12:1-7, 15:1-6
7. 大衛被膏立為王 — 撒母耳記上 16:1-13, 撒母耳記下 7:1-28
8. 大衛王和拔示巴 — 撒母耳記下 11:1-27
9. 拿單的故事 — 撒母耳記下 12:1-25
10. 神應許拯救 — 以賽亞書 53

探索耶穌 — 耶穌是誰並祂來是為什麼。
1. 耶穌的降生 — 馬太福音 1:18-25
2. 耶穌的洗禮 — 馬太福音 3:7-9, 13-15
3. 耶穌趕污鬼 — 馬可福音 5:1-20
4. 好牧人耶穌 — 約翰福音 10:1-30
5. 耶穌醫瞎子 — 路加福音 18:31-42
6. 耶穌和撒該 — 路加福音 19:1-9
7. 耶穌召馬太 — 馬太福音 9:9-13
8. 耶穌是道路 — 約翰福音 14:1-15
9. 聖靈的降臨 — 約翰福音 16:5-15
10. 最後的晚餐 — 路加福音 22:14-20
11. 被捕和受審 — 路加福音 22:47-53, 23:13-24
12. 耶穌被處死 — 路加福音 23:33-56
13. 耶穌祂活著 — 路加福音 24:1-7,36-47, 使徒行傳 1:1-11
14. 相信和實踐 — 腓立比書 3:3-9

剛強系列 — 適合初信者或需要專注於建立門徒的組别。

耶穌說 — 學習遵守耶穌的基本命令。繼續與名單上的人分享耶穌。
1.1 學習與遵守 — 約翰福音 14:15-21
1.2 悔改 • 相信 • 跟從 — 馬可福音 1:14-17, 以弗所書 2:1-10
1.3 信而受洗 — 馬太福音 28:19, 使徒行傳 8:26-38
1.4 愛神愛人 — 路加福音 10:25-37

耶穌又說 — 學習遵守耶穌的基本命令。繼續與名單上的人分享耶穌。
2.1 與神對話 — 馬太福音 6:9-13
2.2 記念耶穌 — 路加福音 22:14-20, 歌林多前書 11:23-32
2.3 彼此分享 — 使徒行傳 4:32-37
2.4 薪火相傳 — 馬太福音 28:18-20

效法我正如我效法一樣 — 建立門徒。將您所學到的傳遞給別人。教導別人也傳遞給人。
3.1 尋找門徒 — 提摩太後書 1:1-14
3.2 薪火相傳 — 提摩太後書 2:1-4,14-16
3.3 教導別人也教導人 — 提摩太後書 3:1-17
3.4 艱難時刻 — 提摩太後書 4:1-22

倍增三分三組 — 聚集您的門徒到新組中。
4.1 開始計劃 — 路加福音 10:1-11
4.2 都在一處 — 使徒行傳 2:14-47
4.3 和平之子 — 馬可福音 5:1-20, 6:53-56
4.4 誰是成熟 — 馬太福音 13:1-9,18-23

帶領 — 學習如何帶領三分三組。
5.1 示範 (要像這樣帶領) — 約翰福音 13:1-17
5.2 示範 (不要像這樣帶領) — 約翰三書 5-14
5.3 協助 — 馬可福音 4:35-41
5.4 旁觀 — 路加福音 10:1-11,17,20
5.5 抽離 — 馬太福音 25:14-30

去:本地 — 學習如何接觸您的社區。
6.1 去:本地社區 — 使徒行傳 1:1-8
6.2 賙濟窮人 • 廣傳福音 — 路加福音 7:11-23
6.3 去奉差遣地方 — 使徒行傳 10:9-48
6.4 去按計劃而行 — 使徒行傳 13:1-3,32-33,38-39, 14:21-23,26-27

去:世界 — 學習如何接觸直到地極。
7.1 去:世界各地 — 使徒行傳 1:1-8, 馬太福音 28:19-20
7.2 去奉差遣地方 — 使徒行傳 8:26-38
7.3 神愛每個族群 — 約翰福音 4:4-30,39-41
7.4 去按計劃而行 — 使徒行傳 13:1-3,32-33,38-39, 14:21-23,26-27

基本重温 — 學習聚會時該做什麼。
8.1 耶穌居首 — 腓立比書 2:1-11
8.2 與神對話 — 馬太福音 6:9-13
8.3 彼此相交 — 希伯來書 10:23-25
8.4 聖經話語 — 提摩太後書 3:10-17

作出委身 — 學習剛強壯膽並繼續跟隨耶穌。
9.1 不肯順服 — 約拿書 1
9.2 作出委身 — 約拿書 2
9.3 遵守順服 — 約拿書 3
9.4 遵守到底 — 約拿書 4
9.5 非用即失 — 馬太福音 25:14-30

每個門徒都是一個建立門徒者 • 每個家都是一個培訓中心 • 每個簡約教會都是一個宣教機構

大誡命:
耶穌對他說:「『你要盡心、盡性、盡意愛主─你的神』。這是誡命中的第一,且是最大的。其次也相仿,就是『要愛人如己。』這兩條誡命是律法和先知一切道理的總綱。」
— 馬太福音 22:37-40

大使命:
耶穌進前來,對他們說:「天上地下所有的權柄都賜給我了。所以,你們要去,使萬民作我的門徒,奉父、子、聖靈的名給他們施洗。凡我所吩咐你們的,都教訓他們遵守,我就常與你們同在,直到世界的末了。」
— 馬太福音 28:18-20

於是領受他話的人就受了洗。那一天,門徒約添了三千人,都恆心遵守使徒的教訓彼此交接擘餅祈禱。眾人都懼怕;使徒又行了許多奇事神蹟。信的人都在一處,凡物公用;並且賣了田產,家業,照各人所需用的分給各人。他們天天同心合意恆切的在殿裡,且在家中擘餅,存著歡喜、誠實的心用飯,讚美神,得眾民的喜愛。主將得救的人天天加給他們。
— 使徒行傳 2:41-47

教會元素:作為一個教會我們做什麼?
敬拜讀經禱告相交傳福音奉獻施洗主餐領袖

如果您的組已經作出委身成為一個教會,將虛線的圓圈畫成實線。如果您有定期實踐做以上的元素,將該元素的圖案畫在圓圈之內。如果您沒有做該元素或您讓組以外的人來協助,將該元素的圖案畫在圓圈之外。

Jesus said, “Therefore go and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit.”
— Matthew 28:19

Or don’t you know that all of us who were baptized into Christ Jesus were baptized into His death? We were therefore buried with Him through baptism into death in order that, just as Christ was raised from the dead through the glory of the Father, we too may live a new life.
— Romans 6:3-4

Baptism or “Baptizo” in the original Greek language – means a drenching or submerging – like when you dye a cloth and it soaks in the color and comes out transformed. Baptism is a picture of our new life, soaked in the image of Jesus, transformed in obedience to God. It is a picture of our death to sin, just as Jesus died for our sins; a burial of our old way of life, just as Jesus was buried; a rebirth to a new life in Christ, just as Jesus was resurrected and lives today.

• Find some standing water, deep enough to allow the new disciple to be submerged.

• Let the disciple hold one of your hands with theirs and support their back with the other.

• Ask the following questions to make sure they understand their decision:
[Name of person to be baptized],
“Do you believe that God the Father created the world and created us, that we have all sinned against God and need His salvation?”
“Do you believe that Christ Jesus came into the world, He died on the cross for our sins, He rose again on the third day, He ascended into heaven and will come again?”
“Are you willing to lay aside your old self, die to sin so that you can join Christ in death, in burial and in His resurrection, and to follow Him for the rest of your life?”
“Are you willing to rely on the power of the Holy Spirit, to be the church of Christ Jesus, so that you would continue to grow in Christ and to experience God together with the help of our brothers and sisters?”

• If they answer “Yes” to all above, then say:
“I hereby Baptize you in in the name of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit.”

• Help them lower into the water, submerge completely and raise them back up.

Jesus said, “I am the living bread that came down from heaven. Whoever eats this bread will live forever. This bread is my flesh, which I will give for the life of the world.”
— John 6:51

The Lord’s Supper or “Holy Communion” is a way to celebrate our intimate connection and ongoing relationship with Jesus.

• When you gather as followers of Jesus, spend time in quiet meditation, silently considering and confessing your sins. When you are ready, have someone read this passage from scripture:
For I received from the Lord what I also passed on to you: The Lord Jesus, on the night He was betrayed, took bread, and when He had given thanks, He broke it and said, “This is my body, which is for you; do this in remembrance of me.”
— 1 Corinthians 11:23-24

• Pass out bread you have set aside for your group, and eat. Continue the reading:
In the same way, after supper He took the cup, saying, “This cup is the new covenant in my blood; do this, whenever you drink it, in remembrance of me.”
— 1 Corinthians 11:25

• Share the juice or wine you have set aside for your group, and drink. Finish the reading:
For whenever you eat this bread and drink this cup, you proclaim the Lord’s death until He comes.
— 1 Corinthians 11:26

• Celebrate in prayer or singing. You have shared in The Lord’s Supper. You are His, and He is yours!

Then Jesus came to them and said, “All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to me. Therefore go and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, and teaching them to obey everything I have commanded you. And surely I am with you always, to the very end of the age.”
— Matthew 28:18-20

Every disciple a disciple-maker.

In the Great Commission, Jesus said, “make disciples of all nations.” He is talking to every disciples because the command is coextensive with the promise. Jesus promises—”I (Christ) am with you always, to the very end of the age.” That promise is given to every believer. If that promise is to every believer then the command is also to every believer—all of His followers.

Every disciple needs to multiply.

If we are living out the Great Commandment then we will be making reproducing disciples because part of the disciple-making process is “teaching them to obey everything I (Christ) have commanded” and the Great Commission itself is one of those commands. Hence, every believer should by definition be involved in making reproducing disciples. It is a short step from this toward starting reproducing spiritual communities (churches) because several of the other commands demand a spiritual community to carry out. Reproducing disciples will result in reproducing churches as a matter of obedience.

Become a disciple worth multiplying.

Jesus said, “If you love me, keep my commands. … Whoever has my commands and keeps them is the one who loves me. The one who loves me will be loved by my Father, and I too will love them and show myself to them. … Anyone who loves me will obey my teaching. My Father will love them, and we will come to them and make our home with them. Anyone who does not love me will not obey my teaching. These words you hear are not my own; they belong to the Father who sent me.”
— John 14:15, 21, 23-24

This is how we know that we love the children of God: by loving God and carrying out His commands. In fact, this is love for God: to keep His commands. And His commands are not burdensome, for everyone born of God overcomes the world. This is the victory that has overcome the world, even our faith.
— 1 John 5:2-4

Obedience is the flip side of love. It’s the expression of love; it’s not some onerous duty that we have; it’s the overflow of our gratitude for all that the Lord has done for us. We can sing all the worship songs ever written and proclaim to all that we love Christ, but these songs and statements are meaningless and hypocritical if we are not obedient to Him in every area of life. Our feelings do not define our love. Our words do not define our love. It is our motives, our actions, our obedience to Christ that defines our love for Christ.

IMMEDIATERADICALCOSTLYOBEDIENCE

Discipleship means following Christ. Every disciple should be in the process of maturing, but the focus is the journey, not the destination. The destination is to be fully conformed to the image of Christ. This will not fully occur until we meet Him in face-to-face in glory. The journey involves us daily growing in our expression of immediate, radical, costly obedience. The journey involves us becoming increasingly faithful and effective in passing on to others what we are learning along the way, not just in head-knowledge, but in life application. The journey involves becoming more practiced at learning more of the character and nature and will of God through learning to interpret and apply Scripture, in prayer, in relating with the Body of Christ, and through persecution and suffering. The journey implies following Christ and influencing and blessing others day-by-day wherever we are along the way.

Now faith is confidence in what we hope for and assurance about what we do not see. This is what the ancients were commended for. By faith we understand that the universe was formed at God’s command, so that what is seen was not made out of what was visible. By faith Abel brought God a better offering than Cain did. By faith he was commended as righteous, when God spoke well of his offerings. And by faith Abel still speaks, even though he is dead. By faith Enoch was taken from this life, so that he did not experience death: “He could not be found, because God had taken him away.” For before he was taken, he was commended as one who pleased God. And without faith it is impossible to please God, because anyone who comes to Him must believe that He exists and that He rewards those who earnestly seek Him. By faith Noah, when warned about things not yet seen, in holy fear built an ark to save his family. By his faith he condemned the world and became heir of the righteousness that is in keeping with faith. By faith Abraham, when called to go to a place he would later receive as his inheritance, obeyed and went, even though he did not know where he was going. By faith he made his home in the promised land like a stranger in a foreign country; he lived in tents, as did Isaac and Jacob, who were heirs with him of the same promise. For he was looking forward to the city with foundations, whose architect and builder is God. And by faith even Sarah, who was past childbearing age, was enabled to bear children because she considered Him faithful who had made the promise. And so from this one man, and he as good as dead, came descendants as numerous as the stars in the sky and as countless as the sand on the seashore. All these people were still living by faith when they died. They did not receive the things promised; they only saw them and welcomed them from a distance, admitting that they were foreigners and strangers on earth. People who say such things show that they are looking for a country of their own. If they had been thinking of the country they had left, they would have had opportunity to return. Instead, they were longing for a better country—a heavenly one. Therefore God is not ashamed to be called their God, for He has prepared a city for them. By faith Abraham, when God tested him, offered Isaac as a sacrifice. He who had embraced the promises was about to sacrifice his one and only son, even though God had said to him, “It is through Isaac that your offspring will be reckoned.” Abraham reasoned that God could even raise the dead, and so in a manner of speaking he did receive Isaac back from death. By faith Isaac blessed Jacob and Esau in regard to their future. By faith Jacob, when he was dying, blessed each of Joseph’s sons, and worshiped as he leaned on the top of his staff. By faith Joseph, when his end was near, spoke about the exodus of the Israelites from Egypt and gave instructions concerning the burial of his bones. By faith Moses’ parents hid him for three months after he was born, because they saw he was no ordinary child, and they were not afraid of the king’s edict. By faith Moses, when he had grown up, refused to be known as the son of Pharaoh’s daughter. He chose to be mistreated along with the people of God rather than to enjoy the fleeting pleasures of sin. He regarded disgrace for the sake of Christ as of greater value than the treasures of Egypt, because he was looking ahead to his reward. By faith he left Egypt, not fearing the king’s anger; he persevered because he saw Him who is invisible. By faith he kept the Passover and the application of blood, so that the destroyer of the firstborn would not touch the firstborn of Israel. By faith the people passed through the Red Sea as on dry land; but when the Egyptians tried to do so, they were drowned. By faith the walls of Jericho fell, after the army had marched around them for seven days. By faith the prostitute Rahab, because she welcomed the spies, was not killed with those who were disobedient. And what more shall I say? I do not have time to tell about Gideon, Barak, Samson and Jephthah, about David and Samuel and the prophets, who through faith conquered kingdoms, administered justice, and gained what was promised; who shut the mouths of lions, quenched the fury of the flames, and escaped the edge of the sword; whose weakness was turned to strength; and who became powerful in battle and routed foreign armies. Women received back their dead, raised to life again. There were others who were tortured, refusing to be released so that they might gain an even better resurrection. Some faced jeers and flogging, and even chains and imprisonment. They were put to death by stoning; they were sawed in two; they were killed by the sword. They went about in sheepskins and goatskins, destitute, persecuted and mistreated— the world was not worthy of them. They wandered in deserts and mountains, living in caves and in holes in the ground. These were all commended for their faith, yet none of them received what had been promised, since God had planned something better for us so that only together with us would they be made perfect.
— Hebrews 11:1-40

Jesus said, “Heal the sick, raise the dead, cleanse those who have leprosy, drive out demons. Freely you have received; freely give.”
— Matthew 10:8

Jesus said, “But the one who does not know and does things deserving punishment will be beaten with few blows. From everyone who has been given much, much will be demanded; and from the one who has been entrusted with much, much more will be asked.”
— Luke 12:48

FREELY RECEIVEFREELY GIVE

The spiritual economy differs from the earthly economy in that the spiritual economy is based on giving away what one has. It’s like we are BREATHING IN, from God, receiving from Him and then BREATHING OUT by obeying, internalizing what He has given us, making sure we embrace it. We make it part of who we are, then we exhale to the world around us, sharing what we have received. Whatever we get, we give away. It’s just the opposite of the world — which tries to keep what they get and charge others to give it to them.

So then, each of us will give an account of ourselves to God.
— Romans 14:12
Therefore encourage one another and build each other up, just as in fact you are doing.
— 1 Thessalonians 5:11

Dual Accountability:
• Accountability to OBEY the Lord.
• Accountability to PASS ON to others what we have received.

This means the most loving thing we can do for one another is to hold one another accountable for obeying what we learn from the Lord and to share it with others. This is not a matter of legalism but of love. This is what we must do if we truly want the best for one another, the greatest spiritual blessing and insight, the deepest intimacy with our Father.

3 Legged Stool — Faithfulness > Maturity:
KNOWLEDGE (IN) • OBEDIENCE (OUT) • SHARING (OUT)

God reveals more of Himself to us when we are faithful in sharing with others what we already know of Him. He gives more insight and revelation to those who are faithful in sharing with others what they already understand. He speaks to us more clearly when we obey what He has already spoken to us.

The Parable of the Talents:
“Again, it will be like a man going on a journey, who called his servants and entrusted his wealth to them. To one he gave five bags of gold, to another two bags, and to another one bag, each according to his ability. Then he went on his journey. The man who had received five bags of gold went at once and put his money to work and gained five bags more. So also, the one with two bags of gold gained two more. But the man who had received one bag went off, dug a hole in the ground and hid his master’s money. After a long time the master of those servants returned and settled accounts with them. The man who had received five bags of gold brought the other five. ‘Master,’ he said, ‘you entrusted me with five bags of gold. See, I have gained five more.’ His master replied, ‘Well done, good and faithful servant! You have been faithful with a few things; I will put you in charge of many things. Come and share your master’s happiness!’ The man with two bags of gold also came. ‘Master,’ he said, ‘you entrusted me with two bags of gold; see, I have gained two more.’ His master replied, ‘Well done, good and faithful servant! You have been faithful with a few things; I will put you in charge of many things. Come and share your master’s happiness!’ Then the man who had received one bag of gold came. ‘Master,’ he said, ‘I knew that you are a hard man, harvesting where you have not sown and gathering where you have not scattered seed. So I was afraid and went out and hid your gold in the ground. See, here is what belongs to you.’ His master replied, ‘You wicked, lazy servant! So you knew that I harvest where I have not sown and gather where I have not scattered seed? Well then, you should have put my money on deposit with the bankers, so that when I returned I would have received it back with interest. ‘So take the bag of gold from him and give it to the one who has ten bags. For whoever has will be given more, and they will have an abundance. Whoever does not have, even what they have will be taken from them. And throw that worthless servant outside, into the darkness, where there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth.'”
— Matthew 25:14–30

To equip His people for works of service, so that the body of Christ may be built up until we all reach unity in the faith and in the knowledge of the Son of God and become mature, attaining to the whole measure of the fullness of Christ.
— Ephesians 4:12-13

Do not merely listen to the word, and so deceive yourselves. Do what it says. Anyone who listens to the word but does not do what it says is like someone who looks at his face in a mirror and, after looking at himself, goes away and immediately forgets what he looks like. But whoever looks intently into the perfect law that gives freedom, and continues in it—not forgetting what they have heard, but doing it—they will be blessed in what they do.
— James 1:22-25

3 Legged Stool — Faithfulness > Maturity:
KNOWLEDGEOBEDIENCESHARING

Knowledge is worthless without practice, without applying it to one’s life.

Often we fail to allow for the involvement of new believers, thinking that they need to mature before they become involved in ministry. The first few weeks of a Christian’s spiritual life are potentially the most fruitful. One reason for the way we treat new believers and expect so little of them is related to our view of maturity. We often mistake knowledge for maturity. This is related to our view of discipleship as a body of knowledge to be transferred rather than patterns and processes to be passed on. If people are not allowed to apply what they have learned, they will not grow in maturity. A relatively new believer can in reality be more mature than a much older believer if he is practicing a high percentage of what he has learned. Perhaps a better measure of maturity would take into account not only the level of knowledge but also the ratio between knowledge and practical living out of that knowledge.

We often spend time on maturity instead of faithfulness. But faithfulness results in maturity because He invests more in those that are faithful in what He gave them like the Parable of Talents. Path to maturing is being faithful by obeying what the lord has shown us and sharing with others.

“As for everyone who comes to me and hears my words and puts them into practice, I will show you what they are like. They are like a man building a house, who dug down deep and laid the foundation on rock. When a flood came, the torrent struck that house but could not shake it, because it was well built.”
— Luke 6:47-48

Every new disciple must be equipped to be spiritually self-feeding in at least these aspects: scripture, prayer, body life, share, and persecution & suffering. These are some of the primary ways God grows us to maturity. Self-feeding refers to items that must be evident in our lives if we are to become disciples worth reproducing. We should be producers, not merely consumers, of spiritual truth.

WORD: In terms of being able to interpret and apply Scripture, this can most easily be done by teaching a series of questions that can be applied in any Scripture study. Generally, this will include questions of observation, interpretation and application. There are a number of sets of questions that can be used in this way, depending on the age or education level and the level of spiritual sophistication of the believers. The point is that after reading or hearing a passage of Scripture, every believer should be able to tell what it says, what it means, and the implications it has for his/her life. Clearly someone’s ability to do this and the depth at which they do it will increase over time, but the point is to establish a pattern for how they view and respond to Scripture.

PRAYER: Prayer is another key tool God uses to grow us into the likeness of Christ. Through prayer we speak to the Lord, hear from His heart and mind, minister to both believers and unbelievers, and more. Prayer is a teaching tool. It is an evangelism tool. In fact, praying for unbelievers in their presence can be one of the most powerful evangelistic tools that exists. It is often under-utilized. The best way to teach prayer to a new believer is by example reinforced by studying what the Bible says about prayer.

CHURCH: Church serves not only as a spiritual community, but also as the Body of Christ. The Bible expresses how we as members of the Body of Christ have differing gifts and abilities that are to function together in a coordinated fashion in order to build up the Body and bring it to maturity. Thus, for both individual and corporate growth and maturity, we must understand how this works and participate in it. This idea is supplemented by numerous “one another” passages in the New Testament. More than fifty times we are told in Scripture to do something for one another in the Body. We need each other in order to grow.

SHARE: Sharing helps us know it even better, as it goes from head to heart and hands. The spiritual economy differs from the earthly economy in that the spiritual economy is based on giving away what one has. God reveals more of Himself to us when we are faithful in sharing with others what we already know of Him. He gives more insight and revelation to those who are faithful in sharing with others what they already understand. He speaks to us more clearly when we obey what He has already spoken to us.

HARD TIMES: Persecution and suffering are also venues for our spiritual growth and development. The Bible tells us that all who desire to live godly in Christ Jesus will be persecuted. We know that we have an enemy who will also oppose us in many ways as we follow the Lord. New believers need to understand how God works to perfect our character, prove our faith, equip us for ministry, and provide a testimony for him through persecution and suffering. Being aware of this before it happens can help fend off discouragement and help us to be intentional about taking advantage of these opportunities rather than wasting them or responding to them inappropriately.

THE VOICE OF FLESH
The voice of flesh is a voice that is expressed in the deep down desires of the heart. With maturity comes an ordered awareness of these desires and the ability to fulfill them. You are designed by God to desire to be fruitful, to change the world for the better, and to love and serve the Lord Jesus with all that you are by loving and serving His creation. Be assured that because it was He who put those desires in your heart, it is He who will allow you to fulfill them. Sometimes, however, our deepest desires are in conflict. The sinfulness of our fallen nature can clamor loudly. Sometimes our voice is in conflict with the voice of God. We are always in need of deeper conversion.
THE VOICE OF WORLD
The voice of world is a voice that is under the dominion of the devil, and thus could be considered an extension of his voice. It calls us to put our trust in the things of this world: prestige, money, fame, relationships, importance. It is the voice we hear in advertising, on TV shows, and in much of the music on the radio. The “noise” mentioned before is part of the voice of world. This voice tempts us to forget about our salvation and God’s call in our life. The alluring things that appeal to the flesh often drown out the voice of God and His love.
THE VOICE OF DEVIL
The voice of devil is a voice that is always trying to lead us away from Jesus and to keep us enslaved to him. His voice always tells us to doubt God’s goodness and not to trust in Him. It is the voice that says, “I know more than He does.” It is the voice that tells us to say “no” to Jesus. The most obvious example of the voice of devil is the temptation to sin. If the devil cannot get us to fall into sin, he then will try to get us to choose something that, while good in itself, is not the good that Jesus wants for us. In other words, the voice of devil can try to make us choose a less perfect life than that which God has prepared for us.
THE VOICE OF GOD
The voice of God is a voice that is communicating His constant and unfailing love to us. We hear His voice through the scripture and Holy Spirit urging us to do that which is good, to trust in Him and to sacrifice out of love. Discouragement and confusion are never the voice of Jesus, which expresses courage and truth as he calls us to a deeper conversion in the face of sin. His voice is never deceptive and He will give you the graces to accomplish whatever He calls you to do. When we are tempted to think that Jesus is calling us to a life that we do not want or cannot accomplish, it is not His voice that we are hearing, but that of another.

Jesus replied, “Blessed are you, Simon son of Jonah, for this was not revealed to you by flesh and blood, but by my Father in heaven.”
— Matthew 16:17

“Whoever belongs to God hears what God says. The reason you do not hear is that you do not belong to God.”
— John 8:47

But solid food is for the mature, who by constant use have trained themselves to distinguish good from evil.
— Hebrews 5:14

In the process of discernment we should become aware of four voices and need to learn to distinguish them from one another. Being attuned to the voice of God will make the other voices easier to separate. It is not always easy to tell these voices apart from one another, therefore discernment requires time, patience and perseverance in the face of struggle.

As Jesus walked beside the Sea of Galilee, He saw Simon and His brother Andrew casting a net into the lake, for they were fishermen. “Come, follow me,” Jesus said, “and I will send you out to fish for people.” At once they left their nets and followed Him. When He had gone a little farther, He saw James son of Zebedee and His brother John in a boat, preparing their nets. Without delay He called them, and they left their father Zebedee in the boat with the hired men and followed Him.
— Mark 1:16-20

We need to equip every disciple to view the world through two sets of lenses.

Two Focal Lenses:
• 1st Lens: ONGOING RELATIONSHIPS—people with whom we interact on a regular basis—family, friends, neighbors, co-workers and classmates.
• 2nd Lens: WORLD BEYOND—people with whom we don’t interact on a regular basis—every tribe, tongue, people and nation.

Every time when we contact with someone, if they are pointed away from Him, help them to turn towards Christ. But if they are pointed toward Christ, help them to increase their faithfulness, increase their passion for Christ, increase the magnitude of their love for Him. This is a good guide how we can be relating to any person that’s in our network of relationships and beyond.

Therefore, since we are surrounded by such a great cloud of witnesses, let us throw off everything that hinders and the sin that so easily entangles. And let us run with perseverance the race marked out for us, fixing our eyes on Jesus, the pioneer and perfecter of faith. For the joy set before him he endured the cross, scorning its shame, and sat down at the right hand of the throne of God.
— Hebrews 12:1-2

BOUNDED SET: This type of set is static — it’s all about boundary. Christians are those who affirm right beliefs and practice right behaviors; and those who don’t aren’t . The attractional church is a bounded set. That is, it is a set of people clearly marked off from those who do not belong to it. Churches thus mark themselves in a variety of ways. Have a church membership roll is an obvious one. This mechanism determines who’s ‘in’ and who’s ‘out’.

CENTERED SET: This type of set is dynamic — it’s all about movement in a particular direction. Christians are those moving toward Jesus, rather than away from Him. The missional-incarnational church is a centered set. This means that rather than drawing a border to determine who belongs and who doesn’t, a centered set is defined by it’s core values, and people are not seen as ‘in’ or ‘out’, but as closer or further away from the center. In that sense, there is no ‘in’ or ‘out’ because there is no ‘circle’. Though some people are close to the center and others far from it, everyone is potentially part of the community in it’s broadest sense.

Put our focus less on whether someone is inside or outside of faith in Jesus; and more on whether someone is moving toward or away from Jesus. On where someone’s arrow is pointing, as it were. Approaching faith in Jesus this way opens us up to the prospect of profound connection with just about anyone.

Person of Peace

LUKE 10:
v4 – does not waste time
v5 – opens his door to you
v6 – receives your blessing and shows interest
v7 – opens his house to you/hospitable
v7 – offers to sustain you in some way

MATTHEW 10:
v13 – he is worthy
v13 – has influence in his home
v14 – receives you
v14 – hears your words

The Sent One

LUKE 10:
v2 – prays for laborers
v3 – goes with danger all around
v4 – leaves behind bags
v5 – gives greeting
v6 – if favorable response, give blessing
v7 – fellowship with them
v9 – ask God for healing where needed
v9 – minister to them
v9 – proclaim the words of the Kingdom
v10 – if no response, announce protest, then leave

MATTHEW 10:
v5-6 – goes where God sends
v11 – inquire / search / identify
v11 – spend time with the candidate
v12 – give greeting
v13 – gives blessing
v14 – proclaim words of the Kingdom
v14 – if you are not received then leave

After this the Lord appointed seventy-two others and sent them two by two ahead of Him to every town and place where He was about to go. He told them, “The harvest is plentiful, but the workers are few. Ask the Lord of the harvest, therefore, to send out workers into His harvest field. Go! I am sending you out like lambs among wolves. Do not take a purse or bag or sandals; and do not greet anyone on the road. When you enter a house, first say, ‘Peace to this house.’ If someone who promotes peace is there, your peace will rest on them; if not, it will return to you. Stay there, eating and drinking whatever they give you, for the worker deserves his wages. Do not move around from house to house. When you enter a town and are welcomed, eat what is offered to you. Heal the sick who are there and tell them, ‘The kingdom of God has come near to you.’ But when you enter a town and are not welcomed, go into its streets and say, ‘Even the dust of your town we wipe from our feet as a warning to you. Yet be sure of this: The kingdom of God has come near.'”
— Luke 10:1-11

These twelve Jesus sent out with the following instructions: “Do not go among the Gentiles or enter any town of the Samaritans. Go rather to the lost sheep of Israel. As you go, proclaim this message: ‘The kingdom of heaven has come near.’ Heal the sick, raise the dead, cleanse those who have leprosy, drive out demons. Freely you have received; freely give. Do not get any gold or silver or copper to take with you in your belts— no bag for the journey or extra shirt or sandals or a staff, for the worker is worth his keep. Whatever town or village you enter, search there for some worthy person and stay at their house until you leave. As you enter the home, give it your greeting. If the home is deserving, let your peace rest on it; if it is not, let your peace return to you. If anyone will not welcome you or listen to your words, leave that home or town and shake the dust off your feet.”
— Matthew 10:5-14

SUMMARY:
1. Pray for laborers.
2. Go where God sends you.
3. Enter a place or area proclaiming the Kingdom.
4. Do not waste time.
5. Inquire with discernment.
6. Visit the Person of Peace candidate & engage him and family if possible.
7. Give greetings & ask spiritual interest questions.
8. If there is a favorable response, give blessing & ask evangelistic questions.
9. Spend time with the candidate and their family.
10. Fellowship with them and discern. Proclaim Kingdom Words and the Gospel.
11. Minister to them.
12. Always be bold and truthful.
13. If there is no response, announce protest, and then leave.

FILTERS FOR THE PERSON OF PEACE:
1. Welcoming.
2. Hungry for Spiritual Things.
3. Opens their family / group / community to spiritual things.

PRACTICAL FILTERS:
1. They are open when you make spiritual statements.
2. They respond with spiritual statements.
3. They ask questions of you (not just tell you their opinion but want to know yours).
4. They respond to your invitation to open their “oikos” (Greek word for “household”) to directly learn from God’s Word.

Jesus said this is how you should pray, “Your kingdom come, Your will be done, on earth as it is in heaven.”
— Matthew 6:10

You, Lord, hear the desire of the afflicted; You encourage them, and You listen to their cry, defending the fatherless and the oppressed, so that mere earthly mortals will never again strike terror.
— Psalm 10:17-18

“He mocks proud mockers but shows favor to the humble and oppressed.”
— Proverbs 3:34

Every disciple needs to be equipped to have eyes to see where the Kingdom isn’t. We are naturally wired to look at ‘what is’ and our eyes are drawn to “what is” but not to “what isn’t”. When we pray the Lord’s Prayer — “Your kingdom come, Your will be done, on earth as it is in heaven”, we are acknowledging that there is a gap between “what is” and “what God’s intent”. As citizens of the Kingdom, our job is to be concerned with closing that gap.

God has favorites — the last, the least, and the lost. The Bible repeatedly teaches about how people treat widows, orphans, and aliens. God is highlighting the need to care for those who need the most care. We need to be concerned for where the gospel is least accessible.

Who are the people who need the good news of the Kingdom more than anyone else? Where are those people?

God loves the humble and gives grace to them. This concern for the last, the least, and the lost is to develop awareness of where the Kingdom is growing and where it is not. We need to look for opportunities to enter new places and new people groups to meet the greatest needs so that God’s Will will be done on earth as it is in heaven.

Jesus said, “I have set you an example that you should do as I have done for you.”
— John 13:15

Paul said, “Follow my example, as I follow the example of Christ.”
— 1 Corinthians 11:1

When a mother duck leads her ducklings, they go single file, with each duckling following the one in front of them. To lead a duckling you don’t have to be a mature duck, just one step ahead. Only Jesus is a mother duck. The rest of us are merely ducklings. From the moment we begin to follow Jesus we are also to be “leading” others. From that moment we are at least “ahead” of non-Christians spiritually so there is always someone we can lead. This effectively reduces the duration of a spiritual generation to almost nothing. We can begin to reproduce spiritually from the moment of our rebirth.

Discipleship means following Christ. Every disciple should be in the process of maturing, but the focus is the journey, not the destination. The destination is to be fully conformed to the image of Christ. This will not fully occur until we meet Him in face-to-face in glory. The journey involves us daily growing in our expression of immediate, radical, costly obedience. The journey involves us becoming increasingly faithful and effective in passing on to others what we are learning along the way, not just in head-knowledge, but in life application. The journey involves becoming more practiced at learning more of the character and nature and will of God through learning to interpret and apply scripture, in prayer, in relating with the body of Christ, and through persecution and suffering. The journey implies following Christ and influencing and blessing others day-by-day wherever we are along the way.

And the things you have heard me say in the presence of many witnesses entrust to reliable people who will also be qualified to teach others.
— 2 Timothy 2:2

Training Cycle helps disciples go from one to many and turns a mission into a movement. As believers increase in their competence in these areas, it is important to help them understand the phases of the training cycle so they know when and how to transition from modeling, to assisting, to watching, to leaving as they initiate work with new believers or new churches. This is a natural process by which they can help others grow into maturity as well, both individually and corporately.

M.A.W.L Training Cycle:

When a child sees someone riding a bicycle, that is the MODEL phase.
MODEL: Modeling is simply providing an example of a practice or tool. It is the briefest part of the training cycle. It usually only needs to be done once. It is simply creating an awareness that a practice or a tool exists and giving a general idea of what it looks like. Modeling repeatedly is not an effective way to equip someone. They need to be allowed to try the skill themselves.

When a parent is holding onto the bicycle while a child is learning to keep his balance, that is the ASSIST phase.
ASSIST: Assisting is allowing the disciple to practice the skill. This takes longer than the modeling phase. It requires “hand-holding” on the part of the coach. The coach needs to be directive and take an active role in coaching the disciple. This phase does not last until the disciple is fully competent, but merely until they understand the basics of the skill. If this phase is continued too long, then the disciple will develop a dependence on the coach and never advance to full competence. The end of the assist phase should be marked by the disciple starting to model for others.

When a parent is observing a child ride a bicycle and ensuring they have adequate skills & knowledge to ride unsupervised, this is the WATCH phase.
WATCH: Watching is the longest phase. It involves more indirect contact with the disciple. It seeks to develop full competence in all facets of a skill. It may be ten times or more as long as the first two phases combined. As the disciple progresses in skill, the contact with the coach may become less regular and more ad hoc. In this phase the disciple gradually takes more responsibility and initiative in the performance of the skill. Typically in disciple making the mark of the end of this phase is when the disciple has passed on the skill successfully to the fourth generation through those whom he or she is coaching.

When a parent releases a child to ride their bicycle completely unsupervised, that is the LEAVE phase.
LEAVE: Leaving is a sort of graduation when the disciple becomes a peer of the coach. Periodic contact and peer coaching may continue to take place if the disciple and coach are in the same network.

Now in the church at Antioch there were prophets and teachers: Barnabas, Simeon called Niger, Lucius of Cyrene, Manaen (who had been brought up with Herod the tetrarch) and Saul. While they were worshiping the Lord and fasting, the Holy Spirit said, “Set apart for me Barnabas and Saul for the work to which I have called them.” So after they had fasted and prayed, they placed their hands on them and sent them off.
— Acts 13:1-3

Paul’s pattern in planting churches was an average of six months or less per church network in the Model and Assist stages, and then he would spend years even decades in the Watch stage, and then eventually he would leave and tell them he would not return and charge them to be obedient to what he trained them to do.

Every disciple should be involved in two churches:
HOME CHURCH: Your primary spiritual community.
NEW CHURCH: Group that you are personally investing in the Training Cycle.

Things to consider:
• Best practice is to start new churches. We go to them before asking them to come to us.
• Don’t underestimate Jesus to be with two or three gathered. Two people meeting for coffee could essentially be a “church meeting.”
• Attend two simple churches in your area for a season while modeling and assisting a new simple church’s formation in person.
• Embrace creative ways of communing — text messages or video chat.

The Parable of the Growing Seed:
Jesus said, “This is what the kingdom of God is like. A man scatters seed on the ground. Night and day, whether he sleeps or gets up, the seed sprouts and grows, though he does not know how. All by itself the soil produces grain—first the stalk, then the head, then the full kernel in the head. As soon as the grain is ripe, he puts the sickle to it, because the harvest has come.”
— Mark 4:26-29

Four Fields Diagnostic Diagram:
EMPTY FIELD: Entry Plan — Where or with whom (what people groups) are you planning to extend the Kingdom?
SEEDING FIELD: Gospel Plan — Where or with whom are you sharing the good news of the Kingdom? How are you doing that?
GROWING FIELD: Discipleship Plan — How are you equipping people and growing them spiritually, individually and in their natural networks?
HARVESTING FIELD: Church Formation Plan — How are new spiritual families (simple churches) being formed?
MULTIPLYING: With whom, how and when are you filtering for faithful people, equipping and holding them accountable for reproduction?

The process of multiplying disciples and simple churches is non-sequential.

The mental pattern which can have tremendous impact upon the way one works or thinks about church planting is whether one thinks of the process as a series of sequential segments or as a whole. Many people consider the process of church planting as a series of sequential steps. You arrange for prayer support and begin praying yourself. You do evangelism. After people are converted, then discipleship begins. Once discipleship begins or initial discipleship is completed, some people even put in a proving period, which is definitely not biblical. But at the end of either the discipleship or the proving period the converts are baptized. Then there is a step by which the church is actually planted. After the church is planted, you begin to develop leaders.

It is far more helpful to realize that what is done from the very first contact with an unbeliever has implications and effects on discipleship, church planting, leadership development, and ongoing approaches toward spiritual matters. For instance, if the approach taken during evangelism and discipleship is a one-way monologue from a knower to a person who is ignorant, it is not participative or interactive. It implies that one person is a giver and the other person is a receiver. Then the result will be people who do not view themselves as capable of leadership. It will also affect the nature of church life. Such patterns established early on can be difficult to break down later. You can inadvertently set up many barriers and roadblocks to growth and development, either in individual disciples or in churches, by the approaches you may take in the evangelism and discipleship process or the timing of leadership development. You can be developing leadership from the moment you begin interacting with an unbeliever who is going to be converted. You can be affecting the nature of the church which will be planted by whether you approach things from an individual basis or a group basis. There are many applications to this principle.

We are pursuing simultaneous rather than sequential church planting qualities: One process. Vision casting, pre-evangelism, evangelism, discipleship, church planting, leadership development, and gospel movement cultivation can all happen at the same time during the same process if we focus our energy and time on putting into practice the disciple making best practices. All of the seven fields can happen at the same time when birthed and bathed in prayer. Discipleship multiplication DNA is built into the pre-evangelism process, so that you’re viewing everyone as a potential trainer of trainers. The resources are in the harvest field! Let’s not forget that the laborers we are praying for are most likely already in the harvest fields waiting to be told the gospel and trained to be trainers.

Jesus said to them, “Go into all the world and preach the gospel to all creation. Whoever believes and is baptized will be saved, but whoever does not believe will be condemned.”
— Mark 16:15-16

In the West — Time is money; in the Kingdom of God — Time is souls.

The Lord does not delight in the death of any man, but desires for all to come to repentance and for all to willingly love and worship Him. But the fact is that more than one non-Christian per second passes into a Christ-less eternity.

• Right where you are, begin snapping your fingers every second. Keep going.

This pace does not slow down when we are sleeping, when we are at our respective jobs, in the classrooms, or while we are on vacation. One soul. Every second. Dying. And living forever in torment apart from Jesus Christ. More than one person dies every second apart from Christ, and God is robbed of his glory. That’s the pace of multiplication. That’s the reason why a disciple making multiplication strategy is so essential. Every disciple needs a place to learn, a place to lead, and the passion and urgency to help complete the Great Commission.

Pace matters. Urgency matters.

1,000
2,000
3,000
4,000
5,000
6,000
7,000
8,000
9,000
10,000
11,000
12,000
13,000
14,000
15,000
16,000
17,000
18,000
19,000
20,000
21,000
22,000
23,000
24,000
25,000
26,000
27,000
28,000
29,000
30,000
31,000
32,000
33,000
34,000

1
2
4
8
16
32
64
128
256
512
1,024
2,048
4,096
8,192
16,384
32,768
65,536
131,072
262,144
524,288
1,048,576
2,097,152
4,194,304
8,388,608
16,777,216
33,554,432
67,108,864
134,217,728
268,435,456
536,870,912
1,073,741,824
2,147,483,648
4,294,967,296
8,589,934,592

Imagine we try to get 10 people and each starts a church of 100 people every year — which is already impossible to do. That is 1,000 people a year. In ten years, that would be 10,000 people. In thirty four years, that would be 34,000 people — which is still less than the Bay Area population 7,000,000.

If we started with just one Christian and that person made one disciple and then the following year they each went out to make one disciple and continued that pattern. That the whole world would have access to the gospel in just thirty four years! Each line is a year, and the number is the number of disciples in the scenario we described.

8,589,934,592 is greater than the world’s population 7,700,000,000 (2019). That is the power of exponential growth. God’s plan for discipleship in His kingdom is not by addition, but by multiplication — new disciples make more disciples. The multiplication of disciples will result in exponential growth of God’s Kingdom.

The Parables of the Mustard Seed and the Yeast:
Jesus told them another parable: “The kingdom of heaven is like a mustard seed, which a man took and planted in his field. Though it is the smallest of all seeds, yet when it grows, it is the largest of garden plants and becomes a tree, so that the birds come and perch in its branches.” He told them still another parable: “The kingdom of heaven is like yeast that a woman took and mixed into about sixty pounds of flour until it worked all through the dough.”
— Matthew 13:31-33

Elephants
Only fertile four times a year
Only one baby per pregnancy
22-month gestation period
Sexual maturity: 18 years
Maximum growth potential in 3 years: from 2 to 3
Rabbits
Almost continually fertile
Average of seven babies per pregnancy
1-month gestation period
Sexual maturity: 4 months
Maximum growth potential in 3 years: from 2 to 476 million

A Church Planting Movement by definition requires rapid multiplication. Rapid multiplication can be illustrated by rabbits; slow multiplication can be illustrated by elephants.

Reproduction Rate

10 Years 60 Months 18 Months 12 Months 6 Months 4 Months
Churches 4 64 1,024 1 Million 1 Billion

The point of this illustration is to show that reproduction rate matters. It matters in churches too. If you have a reproduction rate of five years, which is sixty months, over a period of ten years you will end up with only four churches. However, if you could knock this down to a twelve month reproduction rate for a period of ten years, starting with one church, in ten years you would have one thousand twenty-four churches. If you could knock the rate down to a four-month reproduction rate and maintain that for a period of ten years, you would have one billion churches.

As in rabbits, so with churches. Very high rates of reproduction cannot be sustained over a long period of time because of the decreasing number of lost people who are accessible and many other factors. However, high reproduction rates can be maintained for a period of time. A reproduction rate of under nine months was maintained in the endvisioning case study for five years; and, since they started with three churches, they ended up with five hundred fifty churches after only five years. So fairly high reproduction rates can be maintained for a period of time.

We need to build into the DNA of every local church around the world the DNA of disciple making multiplication strategy. If we will follow the disciple making multiplication principles by putting them into practice, we can reach the whole world in one generation, around ten years.

Octopus
Multiple legs to reach out in different directions
Ability to regrow lost leg but old leg is lost
Complex and specialized
Central nervous system with brain
Delicate and very sensitive to its environment
Starfish
Multiple legs to reach out in different directions
Ability to regrow lost leg and old leg will grow into a new body
Simple and non-specialized
Decentralized nervous system with no brain
Not picky to its environment

Simple church gatherings are very different from a regular small group or a cell group. Simple church is not just a Bible study—a supplement to a Sunday service—nor is it centered on a set teaching. Simple church is a real church that empowers all its members to take responsibility, support one another and share life together.

The primary difference between cell church and simple church network is in regard to structure. A cell church is hierarchical in structure, and teaching and authority flow from the top down. A simple church network is a network of autonomous simple churches which voluntarily cooperate together and submit to one another in mutual accountability. There are advantages and disadvantages to each form. The difference may perhaps best be illustrated by the difference between starfish and octopus.

Starfish represent simple churches. If you cut off the leg of a starfish, you get two starfish, and nothing is lost. With an octopus, if you cut off the leg, you get a new leg, and the old leg is lost. With a cell church the leadership level that develops in each cell is not nearly as mature as that which develops in an autonomous simple church because the cell group depend upon the hierarchy to provide regular teaching and structure and authority instead of learning to feed on scripture for themselves. So if, because of persecution or severed relationships or some other problem, the cell group breaks off from a cell church, it will typically die.

Similarly, with a starfish, if the head is destroyed, you get as many starfish as there are pieces of starfish. But, with an octopus, if the head is destroyed, the octopus is dead. In the cell church, if the senior leadership of this church is imprisoned or dies or falls into sin or some other problem, typically the church is seriously damaged or even killed. Whereas there is no problem like that with simple churches, because each unit is not reliant on the organization but is self-sufficient for feeding and growth.

Starfish are simple and non-specialized, whereas octopi are complex and specialized. This is true of cell churches and simple churches. A cell church that is complex and specialized can provide a myriad of services and opportunities which can never be offered by the simple churches because the simple churches are simple and non-specialized. They simply meet the simple, basic, straightforward needs, not the highly specialized needs. The authoritative structure in the cell church enables it to act with greater coordination than is possible with a simple church network.

One other advantage of starfish is that you can’t eliminate them even if you try. You can try chemicals or biological warfare against them, but they are very tough to eliminate. Whereas, octopi are an endangered species in areas where they come under environmental stress. This points out a fact that is true about cell churches. They are appropriate for only certain settings. They tend to be appropriate for urban settings but not rural settings and for authoritative societies but not consultative societies. Simple churches can thrive in both urban and rural settings in consultative and authoritative societies. They are much more versatile and adaptable than cell churches pattern.

GenMapper is an app for mapping generations of simple churches.

CHURCH CIRCLES MAPFOUR FIELDS MAPCHURCH ASSESSMENT

Coaching Checklist is a powerful tool you can use to quickly assess your own strengths and vulnerabilities when it comes to making disciples who multiply. It’s also a powerful tool you can use to help others – and others can use to help you. Use the following steps to take this quick self-assessment.

STEP 1: Read through the Disciple Training Tools in the far left column of the Checklist.
STEP 2: Mark each one of the Training Tools, using the following method.

DISCIPLE
[INSTRUCTIONS]

  • UNAWARE
    • You’re unfamiliar or don’t understand the Tool.
    • Coach has not modeled the Tool to me.
  • UNSKILLED
    • You’re somewhat familiar but still not sure about the Tool.
    • Coach is assisting me to model the Tool to my disciples.
  • COMPETENT
    • You understand and can train the basics on the Tool.
    • Coach is watching me to assist my disciples to model the Tool.
  • SKILLED
    • You feel confident and can effectively train the Tool.
    • Coach can leave me to watch my disciples to assist theirs.

COACH
[ROLES]

  • MODEL
    • Model and make sure of understanding.
    • Coach gives direction and information.
  • ASSIST
    • Assist them until they have the basics.
    • Coach gives direction and support.
  • WATCH
    • Watch out for consistent competence.
    • Coach gives support and encouragement.
  • LEAVE
    • Leave them and find others to develop.
    • Coach receives updates.
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